Accession Number:

ADA199201

Title:

Influence of Attitude and Expectation on Moods and Symptoms during cold Weather Military Training

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Report Date:

1988-06-30

Pagination or Media Count:

29.0

Abstract:

The present study examined the influence of 91 air temperature, 2 day into training, 3 self rating of life stress, 4 rating of relative warmth in cold weather, and 5 expectation for liking cold weather training, on 59 soldiers self-reports of illness and mood during 3 days of training in the cold -18 to 0 C range. Mood was assessed on six domains of the Profile of Mood States rating scale, and symptoms of illness were assessed on 14 domains of the Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses showed that 1 the more soldiers expected to dislike the cold weather training, the more tense, depressed, angry, fatigued, and physically uncomfortable they were during training 2 the more stress they perceived in their everyday lives, the more fatigued, confused, and physically uncomfortable they were during training 3 as days into training increased the more fatigued they became and 4 due to appropriate clothing and training, ambient temperature was found to have little influence on the soldiers moods and symptoms. Keywords Fatigue, Stress, Psychology, Subjective reports, Illness, Warmth, Mountaineering.

Subject Categories:

  • Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE