Accession Number:

ADA199200

Title:

Field-Dependence, Judgment of Weights by Females and an Appeal for a More Complex Approach to the Study of Individual Differences

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-07-29

Pagination or Media Count:

30.0

Abstract:

Fine 1972a has presented evidence of a strong, nonlinear relationship between field-dependence-independence introversion-extraversion. In the context of that relationship, he suggested that differences between individuals in field dependence might be conceptualized profitably as at least partially genetically based differences in sensitivity, as contrasted with strength of the nervous system. Differences in sensitivity were assumed to depend upon the extent to which the nervous system becomes differentiated as an individual develops. Differentiation differed from the use of the term by Witkin et al. 1962 in that it was considered in its biological sense as being referrable to physical characteristics of components of the nervous system or of the nervous system as a whole, e.g., size, number andor distribution of specific types of receptors, elaborateness or complexity of neural networks, quality or quantity of neural transmitter substances, with these ultimately reducible to differences in the molecular structure of enzymes and proteins.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE