Shallow Seismic Experiments Using Shear Waves
LAMONT-DOHERTY GEOLOGICAL OBSERVATORY PALISADES NY
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During the summer of 1986, a series of seismo-acoustic experiments was carried out in shallow water off the New Jersey shore. The purpose of these experiments was to measure the geoacoustic properties of the ocean sediments that comprise the upper few hundred meters of the sediment column. Seismic sources and receivers were deployed at or very near the bottom in order to excite shear waves in the sediment and minimize the effects of interference from waterborne propagation. The experiments were performed at several sites where prior field work had established physical properties and a detailed profile of the sediments. By using conventional air guns deployed in an unconventional way, strong interface and diving shear waves were generated these data were inverted to obtain shear wave velocity as a function of depth. The inversion results were then compared with the predictions of a geoacoustic model that accounts for the effects of voids ratio, overburden pressure, and other physical parameters. The in situ measurements from experiments and the gradients predicted by the model were in good agreement, suggesting a strong dependence of velocity on overburden pressure near the water-sediment interface.