Accession Number:

ADA196525

Title:

Marine Boundary Layer Depth and Relative Humidity Estimates Using Multispectral Satellite Measurements

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

80.0

Abstract:

A technique is presented to estimate surface relative humidity and boundary layer depth from multispectral satellite measurements using the AVHRR sensor on TIROS-N generation satellites. A sensitivity study quantifies the effect of a combination of input measurement errors of sea-surface temperature, optical depth and total water vapor used in the technique to produce outputs of surface relative humidity and boundary layer depth under simulated conditions and model atmospheres. Technique verification is then accomplished with satellite data compared to ship and aircraft vertical soundings and sea-surface temperature measurements. The root mean square differences between the surface relative humidityboundary layer depth satellite-measured estimates and verified measurements are 6 and 75 m respectively. Finally, synoptic-scale mapping of the surface relative humidity and boundary layer depth fields based on the satellite derived estimates is accomplished with monochromatic and color enhanced satellite images. Horizontal variability of surface relative humidity and boundary layer depth on the order of kilometers can be visually detected from these images. Keywords Remote sensing MABLMarine Boundary Layer Marine atmospheres Air ocean interface Advanced very high resolution radiometers Theses.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE