Characterization of Antibodies to Sporozoites in Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria and Correlation with Protection
ARMED FORCES RESEARCH INST OF MEDICAL SCIENCES APO SAN FRANCISCO 96346
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The antibody response to sporozoites of Plasmodium falciparum and the role of these antibodies in protection against malaria have not been systematically investigated. An understanding of antisporozoite antibodies in natural infection is, however, important to the development of a human malaria vaccine. In a prospective study in Thailand, an antibody response to sporozoites was observed only in individuals who developed parasitemia. Antibodies were detected against an epitope in the repeat region of the circumsporozoite CS protein. Current candidate sporozoite vaccines are based on CS repeat antigens. The CS antibody response was of low magnitude, peaked after detection of parasitemia, and had a serum half-life of less than 1 month. CS antibody boosting occurred in only 6 of reinfected individuals. These observations suggest that antisporozoite antibody is poorly developed under natural conditions and appears not to protect against development of malaria. Reprints.