Accession Number:

ADA196112

Title:

Alcoholics Anonymous Attendance, Aftercare, and Outcome: A Secondary Analysis of Two Years Posthospitalization Data

Descriptive Note:

Doctoral thesis

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

281.0

Abstract:

This study reports the results of a secondary analysis of two years post-hospitalization data from 2,950 subjects. Subjects Alcoholics Anonymous Attendance and aftercare attendance test variables were correlated with 11 outcome variables suggestive of successful adaption to their chemical abuse problems. A model conceptualized subjects outcome performance in terms of the interactions among eight control variables, reflecting subject characteristics, and test variables. Bivariate analyses found that the control variables were unrelated to AA attendance, weakly related to aftercare attendance and somewhat more related to sobriety. Sobriety was the only outcome variable significantly related to both test variables across time. The data did not support a multidimensional model of outcome performance. Although sobriety did affect AA attendance, AA attendance was more important in determining sobriety. Cross-lagged analysis was not able to reject a null hypothesis that the correlation between aftercare and sobriety was spurious. AA attendance was the most important variable selected in the stepwise regression of sobriety across time. Aftercare was selected only in the 6-month and 12-month follow-up intervals. Taking into account the control variables, AA attendance accounted for the largest portions of the variance in sobriety. Aftercare accounted for only a negligible increase in the explanation of the variance in sobriety. The adequacy of the model guiding this study was questioned. An alternative model, based on the results of this study was proposed. Theses.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE