Coordination in Decision-Making Organizations,
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE LAB FOR INFORMATION AND DECISION SYSTEMS
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A methodology to analyze, model, and evaluate decision-making processes that require coordination is presented. The issues of inconsistency of information and synchronization are emphasized. Predicate Transition Nets are used as the basic technique for representing organizational structures and for characterizing the coordination of processes. Protocols of interaction are modeled by transitions for which the rule of enablement is that the decisionmakers, when interacting, must refer to the same state of the environment. Two measures of coordination are then introduced the degree of information consistency and the measure of synchronization. These measures are defined on the basis of the attributes of the tokens belonging to the input places of transitions modeling interactions. A recently developed simulation system for Predicate Transition Nets is used for investigating the dynamics of decisionmaking processes requiring coordination.
- Administration and Management
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations