A Scientific Basis for an Alternate Cathode Architecture.
Rept. for Sep 84-Dec 87,
ROME AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER GRIFFISS AFB NY
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The main effort of this research has been to try to bring together in a simplified manner both theoretical and experimental studies basic to the analysis of thermionic emission from Impregnated Dispenser Cathodes IDC as it is understood at this time. This study revealed two major areas of uncertainty 1 the electronic and steric nature of the cathode emissive surface, and 2 the lack of a reproducible impregnation procedure. Mossbauer Spectroscopy was used to probe cathode surfaces and revealed that enhanced thermionic emission was concomitant with the presence of a low-spin state transition metal ion. The existence of the low-spin Mossbauer probe led to a formulation of a hypothetical surface considerations. This model had a striking parallelism with similar systems in the field of heterogeneous supported catalysis HSC, viz., the hexagonal barium titanates HBT. Keywords Thermionic emission, Mossbauer spectroscopy, Differential thermal analysis, Crystal field theory, Metal metal bond.
- Physical Chemistry