Dredging Operations Technical Support Program: Verification of Procedures for Designing Dredged Material Containment Areas for Solids Retention.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
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Design procedures for hydraulically filled dredged material containment areas to ensure solids retention were initially developed during the Dredged Material Research Program. These procedures involve performing laboratory column settling tests to define settling properties of dredged material and to provide a basis for containment area design. Since their initial development, these procedures have been refined by additional laboratory and field studies conducted as part of the Dredging Operations Technical Support Program and the Long-Term Effects of Dredging Operations Program. This report provides verification data on the accuracy of column settling tests used in describing the settling behavior of dredged material disposal areas. Results of settling tests conducted by the Waterways Experiment Station over a 6-year period are presented. Predictions of zone, flocculant, and compression settling behavior are compared with observed field behavior for purposes of verification. Levels of effluent suspended solids predicted by flocculant settling tests and associated design procedures compared well with effluent suspended solids monitored during containment area operations. Zone and compression settling tests were found to closely agree with field results, but more field data are needed to expand use of these procedures to a wider range of operating conditions.
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control