Accession Number:

ADA190843

Title:

The Joint Tactical Air Division (JTAD) Concept: Close Air Support for Airland Battle

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1987-12-07

Pagination or Media Count:

47.0

Abstract:

Close air support CAS is a vital component of air operations in Airland Battle. The accelerated tempo and complexity of operations on the extended battlefield requires rapid response from CAS in support of fluid, complex ground combat situation. This monograph examines CAS doctrine, function, and joint forces design from a historical and current perspective. The monograph begins with an analysis of the evolution of CAS in the German military from 1919 to 1945. The German military developed CAS during the Spanish Civil War and introduced it to the world in the early campaigns of World War II in Poland and France. Next, the monograph discusses the United States experience with CAS from 1945 until the present. The issue of joint operations and joint force design between services is the central theme. Comparing and contrasting the German CAS experience with the US CAS experience since World War II yield insights that are applicable to current Airland Battle doctrine. Some insights and conclusions derived from this monograph are joint forces design is necessary to reinforce joint doctrine and the missions of close air support CAS and battlefield air interdiction BAI merge on the fluid, high-tempo modern battlefield. Additionally, successful CAS depends on unity of effort and joint employment flexibility. Unity of effort and joint employment flexibility depend on the use of mission rather than target oriented air taskings.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE