Accession Number:

ADA190772

Title:

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Multiple Shock Wave/Turbulent Boundary Layer Interactions in a Rectangular Duct

Descriptive Note:

Final technical rept. 1 Jul 1985-31 Dec 1987

Corporate Author:

ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA DEPT OF MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-01-06

Pagination or Media Count:

115.0

Abstract:

Multiple shock waveturbulent boundary layer interactions in constant or nearly constant area supersonic duct flows occur in a variety of devices including scramjet inlets, gas ejectors, and supersonic wind tunnels. For sufficiently high duct exit pressures, a multiple shock waveturbulent boundary layer interaction or shock train may form in the duct and cause a highly nonuniform, and possibly unsteady, flow at the duct exit. In this report, the mean flow characteristics of two shock train interactions, one with an initial Mach number of 2.5 the other at Mach 1.6, are investigated using spark Schlieren photography, surface oil flow visualization, and mean wall pressure measurements. The Mach 2.5 interaction was oblique and asymmetric in nature. A large separation occurs after the first oblique shock. The top and bottom wall boundary layer separation has been investigated, revealing that the shape of the reattachment lines and surface flow patterns for the two separation regions are quite different. This oblique shock flow pattern occurs in a neutrally stable fashion with each type of opposing separation region alternately existing on either the top or bottom wall during the course of a run. A small scale unsteadiness in the shock train location, with movement on the order of a boundary layer thickness, is also observed. In contrast, the Mach 1.6 interaction consists of repeated, symmetric normal shocks. The initial, bifurcated normal shock has a small separation region at its foot while the following weaker shocks do not separate the boundary layer. The number of shocks in the train and the overall length of the interaction increase as the boundary layer thickens in the duct.

Subject Categories:

  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE