Accession Number:

ADA190691

Title:

Water Quality Criteria for Colored Smokes: Solvent Green 3

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LAB TN HEALTH AND SAFETY RESEARCH DIV

Report Date:

1987-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

98.0

Abstract:

The available data on the environmental fate, aquatic toxicity, and mammalian toxicity of Solvent Green 3, an anthraquinone dye used in colored smoke grenades, were reviewed. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency USEPA guidelines were used in an attempt to generate water quality criteria for the protection of human health and of aquatic life and its uses. Colored smoke grenades are formulated and loaded at the Pine Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas. During typical production of pyrotechnic items, approximately 1 to 2 percent of the smoke formulation is released into the aquatic environment. The primary aquatic system receiving these discharges is the Arkansas River and associated drainages. The hydrophobic nature of Solvent Green 3 indicates that, when released into aquatic systems, the dye should occur in a particulate form that may be deposited in the bottom sediments. Solvent Green 3 alone is not mutagenic in the Salmonella Reversion Assay. The dye, tested in a mixture with Solvent Yellow 33, gives positive mutagenic responses in the Salmonella Reversion Assay and the Mouse Lymphoma Assay the data indicate that the positive responses may be attributed to Solvent Yellow 33. Solvent Green 3 is not teratogenic in rats or rabbits, and the dye is also not carcinogenic in the Mouse Lung Tumor Bioassay.

Subject Categories:

  • Ammunition and Explosives
  • Water Pollution and Control
  • Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE