MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB
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Comparative analysis is the problem of predicting how a system wil react to perturbations in its parameters, and why. For example, comparative analysis could be asked to explain why the period of an oscillating springblock system would increase if the mass of the block were larger. This paper formalizes the problem of comparative analysis and presents a technique, differential qualitative DQ analysis, which solves the task, providing explanation based generalization. DQ analysis uses inference rules to deduce qualitative information about the relative change of system parameters. Multiple perspectives are used to represent relative change values over intervals of time. Differential analysis has been implemented, tested on a dozen examples, and proven sound. Unfortunately, the technique is incomplete it always terminates, but does not always return an answer.
- Operations Research