Kalman Filter Residual Expert System.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
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The Pilots Associate PA Program has been initiated to help mitigate the extensive workload of the fighter pilot. To operate effectively, the PA system must have situation awareness the status of important on-board and off-board systems. This knowledge is gained through sensor systems. The data from these systems must be fused together to present the PA with a coherent picture of the internal on-board and external off-board states. Although many types of information can be extracted from sensor data, this paper emphasizes those parameters that help determine target track. One common technique for fusing sensor data uses Kalman filters. In a multiple model adaptive filter MMAF system, the most appropriate Kalman filter is chosen. This filter provides the best estimates of the desired states. An operating MMAF system continually selects which filter to use as the basis for the state estimates. The overall accuracy of the system is closely related to how well the filters are selected. Previous filter selection techniques have proved useful, but limited. To overcome some of these limitations, an expert system, KREST, was developed so that expert rules could be used to select filters. Although no quantitative estimate of improvement is available, the MMAF expert stated that KREST exhibited a potentially significant improvement over the previously used filter selection techniques.
- Computer Programming and Software
- Military Aircraft Operations