Dietary Factors Related to Physical Fitness.
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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This study examined the relationship between habitual dietary practices and performance on the physical readiness test required of all activity duty Navy personnel OPNAV6110.1B. Participants were 1013 men mean age 26.2 years stationed aboard 9 Navy ships. The men completed a self report survey of lifestyle and dietary habits and were evaluated on four tests of physical fitness 1.5-mile Run, Situps, Sit-reach, and Percent Body Fat. A standardized Overall Fitness score was also computed for each person. Results indicated that the participants tend to skip breakfast, ingest moderate amounts of caffeine, and favor a high-fat, low-fiber diet. Fitness scores were associated with a number of dietary variables, including caffeine intake, between-meal snacking, and overeating all negatively related to fitness, and having a general nutrition orientation positively related to fitness. Diet was a significant predictor of fitness, even after controlling for age, exercise, and smoking.
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations