Prediction of Physical Fitness: Estimated Percent Body Fat Using Body Circumferences versus Weight-Height Measures.
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
Pagination or Media Count:
This study compared several weight-height indices with an estimate of percent body fat based on a few circumference measurements. The utility of alternative obesityoverfatness measures was assessed by comparing the strength of their associations with several measures of physical fitness, including a 1.5-mile runwalk, 2-minute sit-ups test, sit-reach flexibility test, and an average fitness score. Study participants included 5710 Navy men and 477 Navy women, For men, percent body fat estimated from circumference measures predicted all the components of physical fitness significantly better than any of the weight-height indices. For women, estimated percent body fat was a significantly better predictor of two of the four fitness measures. Overall, the pattern of associations between physical fitness and both the estimated percent body fat and the weight-height measures was similar for men and women however, the correlations between the percent fat and the fitness measures were stronger for men than for women. These findings suggest that the Navys procedure for estimating fatness using circumference measures provides a better screen for physical fitness testing than would any of the commonly used weight-height indices.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations