DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Neuropeptides in Experimental Head Injury.
Annual rept. 1 Mar 86-28 Feb 87,
VETERANS ADMINISTRATION MEDICAL CENTER SAN FRANCISCO CA
Pagination or Media Count:
Much of the damage resulting from ischemic or traumatic insults to the central nervous system appears to result from secondary injury mechanisms relating to the release of endogenous factors. Endogenous opioids may represent one such class of pathophysiological factors, and have been implicated in traumatic spinal cord injury, ischemic spinal cord injury and ischemic brain injury. The studies covered under the present contract examine the potential pathophysiological role of endogenous opioids and their receptor-mediated changes following traumatic brain injury in both cats and rats. Utilizing a fluid percussion device we have evaluated the effects of graded levels of injury on outcome measures, including mean arterial pressure, intracranial pressure, electroencephalographic EEG activity, and cerebral blood flow in the cat. In a continue of studies begun during the first year of the present contract, we have compared the effectiveness of the opiate antagonist WIN44, 441-3, which has enhanced activity at the kappa-opiate receptor, with its inactive stereoisomer WIN44, 441-2, saline, and dopamine hydrochloride. Finally, we have initiated pilot studies utilizing nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy MRS to evaluate the dynamic in vivo metabolic response to traumatic brain injury in the rat. These studies have shown that transient changes in high energy phosphates and intracellular pH occur in response to traumatic brain injury. This decreased PCrPi ratio in the absence of hypoxia or tissue acidosis may be a reflection of mitochondrial dysfunction and may thus be a marker of irreversible tissue injury.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE