American Intervention in Russia, 1917-1918: A Study in Political-Military Relationships.
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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Chapter one provides an insight into the history of Russia prior to the Brest-Litovsk treaty of 1918. This treaty confronted the Allies with a major crisis concerning the removal of the Russian front. The Allies discovered that they could intervene in Russia under the pretext of restoring the Republican government, expelling the Germans, and influencing postwar Russia. The treaty also gave the Allies added leverage to convince the Americans to intervene. A review of the decision of the Wilson administration to intervene in Russia is essential insight in understanding the American policies of the period. Chapter two concentrates on the political makeup of the American government in 1917-1918. This chapter gives an overview of the key military and political leaders that advised President Wilson on the decision to intervene. This includes their attitudes, concerns, and views, and how these affected their actions. This chapter discusses and analyzes issues such as military amalgamation, military expansion of the war, and priorities on the war front. Chapter three concentrates on Wilsons attitudes toward intervention and how he arrived at the decision to intervene. Allied pressure and influence as it developed is also examined along with the degree of the militarys influence over Wilson and the extent of the interaction of the military with the cabinet regarding the intervention. As the crisis neared, the military and civilian leadership constantly changed positions on the intervention question. This chapter develops those positions and explains the final decision made by those leaders in July of 1918.
- Unconventional Warfare
- Government and Political Science