Millimeter-Wave Studies of Moist Air.
Final rept. Oct 84-Mar 87,
NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION BOULDER CO
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The near-millimeter region of the spectrum NMMW 0.1-1 THz is an active area for research. Possible applications lie in short-range communications, radar, radiometry, and radio astronomy. Atmospheric effects of transmission and emission dominate performance simulations and the complex refractivity N provides a measure of the interactions between radiation and the atmospheric propagation medium. A reliable N-model allows calculation of frequency-dependent rates for delay real part and attenuation imaginary part based on measurable meteorological variables. Dry air and atmospheric water vapor are major millimeter-wave absorbers so are suspended droplets haze, fog, cloud and precipitation water drops that emanate from the vapor phase. Laboratory research and analytical studies have been conducted with the primary purpose of understanding NMMW attenuation and delay rates.
- Atmospheric Physics