The Reconciliation Provision of the 1974 Congressional Budget Act: Process and Outcomes.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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In the 1950s, Congress created a set of budgeting norms which established that the House of Representatives controlled the power of the purse. Those norms eroded and were replaced by a free spending Congress which was unable to control its spending decisions. In 1973, the Congress reformed its budgeting process in an attempt to correct the problems of the past decade. The 1974 Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act provided for the reconciliation of the second budget resolution. The reconciliation provision was designed to provide Congress with the ability to finalize the spending decisions made in the two budget resolutions. In 1980, Congress changed the designed intent of the reconciliation provision. Reconciliation became a tool for the Budget Committees to use in an attempt to control budget growth. This thesis will examine whether reconciliation has restored the power of the purse to Congress.
- Government and Political Science