Accession Number:

ADA184185

Title:

Appropriateness Measurement

Descriptive Note:

Final technical paper, Jul 1984-Dec 1985

Corporate Author:

UNIVERSAL ENERGY SYSTEMS INC DAYTON OH

Report Date:

1987-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

137.0

Abstract:

Cheating to raise scores e.g., to qualify for some desired job or training and deliberately missing test items to lower scores e.g., to receive an exemption from military service in a period of general mobilization are both plausible threats to the integrity of multiple-choice tests. The goal of Appropriateness Measurement is to identify such aberrant test responding the usual practice is the application of a mathematical procedure to an examinees item responses which assigns a number index related to the probability of aberrant responding. Eleven appropriateness indices were investigated. Three Item Response Theory indices Drasgow, Levine, and Williams 1-naught and Tatsuokas extended caution indices T2 and T4 were effective in detecting aberrant response patterns across a fairly wide range of conditions for a long 85-item unidimensional test. Their effectiveness was much reduced on a short 30-item unidimensional test. Methods were developed for combining information across several short unidimensional tests such as are typically found in aptitude batteries, and detection rates were obtained that were comparable to those for the long test. It is concluded that appropriateness indices based on Item Response Theory can be used effectively in operational test programs.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Statistics and Probability

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE