Documentation and Analysis of IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) Safeguards Implementation at the Exxon Nuclear Fuel Fabrication Plant.
EXXON NUCLEAR CO INC RICHLAND WA
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The Exxon Nuclear low-enriched uranium fuel fabrication plant in Richland, Washington was the first US bulk handling facility to be selected by the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEAfor inspection. This report documents and analyzes the implementation of IAEA safeguards at the plant. Between March 1981 and November 1983, 12 IAEA inspections were carried out, including three physical inventory verifications. Inspection activities included verification measurements of flow and inventory items and records audits. The effectiveness and degree of independence of the IAEAs verification measurements increased during the period as additional verification capabilities were put into use by the inspectors. Operational efficiency also increased with experience and as the result of cooperative efforts by the operator and inspector. Those efforts also resulted in the development of innovative approaches for improving effectiveness and minimizing the cost burden. The experience showed that IAEA safeguards can be technically effective, operationally efficient, and not overly burdensome to the plant operator. A cooperative non-adversarial approach was found to be the best approach for success.
- Nuclear Power Plants and Fission Reactor Engineering