Recent Advances in Human Protozoan Parasites of Gastrointestinal Tract
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH UNIT NO 2 MANILA (PHILIPPINES)
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An attempt was made in this report to present an update on the recent development on intestinal protozoan infections in humans. Except for a few historical references, the review covers the period from 1980 to the time of writing, mid-1985. The emphasis was on the more important parasites and an effort made to cover the latest developments in their biology, epidemiology and pathogenesis. There are an increasing number of papers on Cryptosporidium sp. and the interest in the organisms should continue. Furthermore, it will be of interest to follow the association between Blastocystis hominis and disease. These are essentially new protozoan parasites of man, and one wonders how many more intestinal protozoan parasitosis are still waiting to be found. Like the Cryptosporidium sp., it may be a matter of finding the right diagnostic technique to detect the unknown ogranism. Giardiasis continues to be a cause of diarrhea among various groups especially campers who are drinking untreated water and G. lamblia as well as E. histolytica are being found more frequently in homosexuals with and without AIDS. The ability to predict virulence in strains of E. histolytica by enzyme patterns is intriguing but some skeptics still prefer the older test for virulence by cecal scoring in animals. New animal models are being evaluated and new techniques applied to the study of pathogenic protoza. In the future the use of new biotechnological methods will most certainly lead to a better understanding of intestinal protoza as well as of other parasitic organisms.
- Medicine and Medical Research