How Minorities Continue to Be Excluded from Equal Employment Opportunities: Research on Labor Market and Institutional Barriers.
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD CENTER FOR SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF SCHOOLS
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Barriers to equal occupational opportunities for minorities are examined at three stages of the employment process the job candidate stage, the job entry stage, and the job promotional stage. Using the authors recent survey of 4078 employers covering a nationally representative sample of jobs, four types of exclusionary barriers are investigated segregated networks at the candidate stage, information bias and statistical discrimination at the entry stage and closed internal markets at the promotion stage. Practical implications are drawn for equal employment opportunity policies directed toward occupational processes and employment outcomes. Keywords Organization equity Affirmative action Race relations Career mobility.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Sociology and Law