A Reconnaissance Survey and Preliminary Assessment of the Cultural Resources of Lake Sakakawea in Williams and McKenzie Counties, North Dakota. Volume 1.
Final rept. 1983-1986,
OVERLAND ASSOCIATES INC BOULDER CO
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This report details the results of a cultural resources inventory conducted by Overland Associates, Inc. of properties administered by the U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers along the shoreline of Lake Sakakawea in Williams and McKenzie Counties, North Dakota. A Total of 43 sites, including 22 aboriginal sites and 21 historic sites, were found and recorded. The original sites consist of cultural material scatters, ceramic sites, stone circles, cairns, stone alignments and eagle trapping pits. Historical sites include farmsteadranch sites and a coal mine. Based on an examination of the field, laboratory and literature data, a model of prehistoric settlement-subsistence patterns through time for Lake Sakakawea ia proposed. Essentially, the model stresses the importance of bison hunting as the major determinant of settlement patterning in the project area. A specialized, bison hunting pattern is the logical outgrowth of an optimal foraging strategy, rather than a mini-max locational strategy based equally on game and plants, as proposed by other investigators. The model predicts the location of small group, hunting camps situated along side drainages which functioned as fall and spring, bison migration routes through the river breaks zone. The study concludes with the presentation of a Cultural Resources Management Plan for Lake Sakakawea, in which the model play a crucial role in the development of significance criteria and recommendations for further work. Author
- Humanities and History