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ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WATERVLIET NY BENET WEAPONS LAB
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The science of constructing machines that think using the brain as a model is called non-living intelligence NLI. This report investigates the origins of NLI and discusses recent progress in the field. A computer simulation has been developed which exhibits the behavior of a primitive organism capable of adapting and surviving. The program is used to demonstrate learning using the hypothesis of synaptic plasticity. A neural network consisting entirely of sensory and motor neurons models the reward mechanism of the vertebrate brain. Keywords Learning machines Adaptive systems Connectionism Neural nets.