Accession Number:

ADA179570

Title:

Cooperative Investigation of Jet Flows.

Descriptive Note:

Final technical rept. 1 Apr 80-31 Mar 84,

Corporate Author:

ILLINOIS INST OF TECH CHICAGO FLUID DYNAMICS CENTER

Report Date:

1984-04-27

Pagination or Media Count:

126.0

Abstract:

The relationship between the development of an axisymmetric jet flow and its radiated sound field was studied. This involved 1 the objective establishment, by means of orthogonal decomposition, of the existence or nonexistence of large eddy structures in high Reynolds number jets 2 examination of their relation to the radiated noise field and 3 investigation of a link between these structures and the early jet instabilities with prospects for active and passive control. In the initial region of the jet, for cases where the exit boundary layer was laminar, the jet was found to naturally develop both axisymmetric m0 and helical m1 modes. The axisymmetric mode was found to scale at a constant Strouhal number of 0.013 and the helical mode of 0.016 was shown to be independent of Reynolds number and initial conditions when properly scaled. The axissymmetric mode was found to dominate at low Reynolds numbers and low initial disturbance levels. Low level acoustic disturbances, that occur commonly in many facilities, with wavelengths large compared to the nozzle diameter were found to excite only axisymmetric modes. When the axisymmetric mode grows to a finite amplitude, a secondary instability subharmonic resonance leads to the pairing of axisymmetrical vortical structures. The downstream position of this resonant interaction occurs after two wavelengths of the initial axisymmetric mode. At this position the subharmonic wave has obtained the same phase speed as the fundamental and the two waves has are out of phase.

Subject Categories:

  • Acoustics
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE