Dislocated Workers: Local Programs and Outcomes Under the Job Training Partnership Act.
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC HUMAN RESOURCES DIV
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With the U.S. economy continually changing, many workers are dislocated every year-even in times of economic expansion or recovery from recession. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, an estimated 2.2 million workers annually were dislocated from their jobs because of business closures or employment cutbacks during the 5-year period from January 1981 to January 1986. In 1982, the Congress created title III of the Job Training Partnership Act specifically to facilitate the reemployment of dislocated workers. The 650 million distributed through the program from its inception through June 30, 1986, has provided assistance to, at most, 7 percent of the eligible workers. To assist the Congress in its oversight of the program, GAO surveyed all title III projects operating between October 1982 and March 1985 to obtain program information concerning 1 results achieved, such as placement rates and average wage levels 2 assistance provided to participants, including skill training, direct placement, and support services 3 characteristics of participants and 4program administration. This analysis should also assist the Congress in considering the administration plan contained in the fiscal year 1988 budget proposal to restructure existing assistance to dislocated workers under a new program at a much higher funding level.
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