Accession Number:

ADA179187

Title:

Teleseismic Waveform Modeling Incorporating the Effects of Known Three- Dimensional Structure Beneath the Nevada Test Site.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept. no. 3, 1 Feb-31 Jul 86,

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE EARTH RESOURCES LAB

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1987-01-02

Pagination or Media Count:

31.0

Abstract:

The focusing and defocusing of telemseismic P waves predicted by a known Taylor, 1983 three-dimensional structure beneath the Nevada Test Site is calculated by dynamic ray tracing and superposition of Gaussian beams. The 20 to 100 km scale lengths of this model, having velocity fluctuations of several per cent, account for a factor of three fluctuations in the azimuthal pattern of P amplitudes. Since similar sized scale lengths and intensities of velocity fluctuation are commonly resolved in three-dimensional inversions of mantle structure in other regions, focusing and defocusing of teleseismic P waves is likely to be a ubiquitous feature of every test site. Hence, network averages of m sub b that weight azimuthal windows, in which P energy is either focused or defocused, will tend to either over or under estimate the yields of underground tests. The results obtained with a known NTS structure suggest that structural inversions having similar structural resolution may be capable of reducing 25 per cent of the variance in amplitudes due to the focusing and defocusing of upper mantle structure near the source. Assuming that scattering processes are concentrated in the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the source and receiver, the integrated energy in the P coda should be more stable than direct P, because it tends to homogenize the effect of focusingdefocusing structure near the source for scattering into direct P near the source. For direct P scattering near the receiver, however, even the late coda is not capable of completely removing the effects of focusingdefocusing near the source. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Seismology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE