Preliminary Studies of a Technique for Measuring the Volume Backscattering from Sediments.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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An experimental study was performed to devise a technique for measuring the volume backscattering from coastal ocean bottom sediments. This experimental technique had never been performed in the laboratory. The volume backscattering was to be determined by comparing the echoes returned from the sediment with the echo returned from the waterair interface. Measurements made on echoes returned from the waterair interface indicated that the apparatus, data acquisition system, and analysis system were performing correctly. Two types of sediments fine sand and aggregate gravel were used. The fine sand did not produce measureable volume backscattering and the aggregate showed results that depended on the region of sediment ensonified. It is recommended that a sediment more homogeneous than the aggregate, but with more backscattering than the fine sand be used in the future studies.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods