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Further Studies of Unsteady Turbulent Boundary Layers.
Final technical rept. 1 Oct 82-30 Sep 86,
IOWA INST OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH IOWA CITY
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Periodic turbulent boundary layers in zero and adverse time-mean pressure gradient have been studied. The study includes experimental, analytical and numerical investigations. The experiments were conducted in an unsteady-flow water tunnel, in which the freestream velocity varies sinusoidally with time around a mean value. Reduced frequencies up to about 25 and a relative oscillation amplitude of 40 per cent of the mean velocity were studied. Flow reversal occurred over a significant part of the oscillation cycle in the adverse pressure gradient experiments, though no mean-flow separation was observed. Data on turbulent stresses and wall shear stress were obtained using a two-component laser Doppler anemometry and a surface-mounted heat flux gage. A theory and calibration procedure were developed for the use of the latter in unsteady flow. All the experimental data were recorded on magnetic tape. A general asymptotic theory has been developed for unsteady turbulent boundary layers. This theory leads to the development of wall functions for these flows. Such wall functions have been developed and used in a calculation procedure based on the k-epsilon model of turbulence.
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