The Effect of Dust Models on Global Nuclear Winter
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
A series of optical depth calculations were accomplished to assess the effects of various existing dust and soot models on the transmission of incident sunlight. A change in the standard deviation of the particle size distribution from two to four, assuming constant total density, resulted in a decrease in the visible optical depth by a factor of ten. A technique using a method of direct integration was developed for the calculation of the effective optical depth of nuclear induced dust and soot clouds. Contributions from directly transmitted photons, first scattered photons using anisotropic cross- sections, and all subsequently scattered photons were used to calculate the amount of light transmitted through the cloud. Absorption effects were also included. The results of this study were comparable to the results of several recent nuclear winter studies.
- Atmospheric Physics