Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest) Northern Anchovy.
CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE FISHERY RESEARCH UNIT ARCATA CA
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Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The northern anchovy Engraulis Mordax generally is found in coastal waters. It moves offshore in winter and returns inshore in spring. Although anchovies spawn throughout the year, most spawn in winter and spring. Few northern anchovies live longer than 7 years. Commercial catches 1916-82 for California ranged from 27 to 143,000 t. Anchovies are primarily planktophagous in all life stages their diet consists fo zooplankton, phytoplankton, and fish. Anchovy have been collected at water temperatures of 8 to 25 C. Keywords Feeding habits, Growth, Estuaries, and Fishes.
- Biological Oceanography