Casualty Evacuation and Distribution Using B-767 and C-9 Aircraft
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
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The objective of this thesis was to develop and evaluate a casualty evacuation and distribution system using B-767 and C-9 aircraft. For a European conventional conflict, an average casualty rate between 1600 and 1900 per day was considered for a 60-day period. Casualties were distributed among all potential members of the National Disaster Medical System. The system was modelled using SLAM simulation and FORTRAN computer code. The performance of the system was measured by the average time each patient spent in the evacuation system, beginning with the time the patient was released medically cleared to fly. The time ended when the patient arrived at the final destination airport. The factors in the model affecting the mean time in the system TIS include predeparture ground time, flying time, number and capacity of aircraft and casualty rate. Response surface equations were generated from the experimental results for selected combinations of factor levels. The prediction equations provide an accurate measure of the performance of the system, while saving the time and expense of conducting simulation experiments. The equations can be used to determine either the required number of aircraft or the necessary aircraft capacity given a specified criterion value of mean TIS and expected casualty rate.
- Escape, Rescue and Survival