Environmental Impact Research Program: White Clover (Trifolium repens). Section 7.3.5, US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
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A plant materials report on white clover Trifolium repens is provided as Section 7.3.5 of the US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual. The report was prepared as a guide to assist the Corps District or project biologist with the selection, cultivation, and management of suitable plant materials for development of wildlife habitat requirements, wildllife value, establishment, maintenance, and cautions and limitations. White clover is an introduced, herbaceous, perennial legume that has become naturalized throughout much of the United States. Plants are used as food and cover by numerous wildlife species. Diagnostic characteristics of white clover are described, and the species distribution and regions of greatest management use are shown habitat requirements are described, and soil, moisture and shade requirements are specified. Wildlife benefits are discussed, primarily for game mammals and upland game birds, and major species known to use white clover for food and cover are listed. stands of white clover topics covered include site selection, site preparation, propagule selection, and planting methods. Maintenance requirements and cautions and limitations are discussed.