Robotics in Construction.
FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
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Construction, without robotics, the largest single industry in the United States economy, has had a steadily declining productivity rate for the past ten years. Also, the total output per worker is lower than the industrial average and construction wages are higher than the industrial average. This document examines the potential use of robotics in building construction. The origin of the words robot and robotics is provided. The four basic movements of the robots are identified to provide a visual representation of the motions involved. The basic components of a robot are broken down and discussed to provide a better understanding of this complicated piece of equipment. The building is broken down into basic components and then building activities are identified to construct these components and the performance requirements from a robot, necessary for their execution are specified. A description of four types of construction robots is derived from these performance requirements. The potential applications of these four types are identified and discussed. Actual robotic construction applications, which are only practiced in foreign countries, are depicted and discussed. The social impact of robotics in construction is discussed, dealing with labor, unemployment and management attitudes. The economical impact of robotics in construction is analyzed and an example of a preliminary economic feasibility study is provided.
- Machinery and Tools