Export Licensing. Commerce-Defense Review of Applications to Certain Free World Nations
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIV
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Soviet bloc countries acquire militarily significant commercial i.e. , dual-use products from other countries. The U.S. government attempts to limit or prevent such access through an export licensing system. The Commerce Department issues export licenses under the authority of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended. The Department of Defense also has authority to review some export license applications, but there has been no consensus on the nature and extent of its role. A January 1985 Presidential directive clarified Defenses role by giving it added responsibilities to review applications to selected free world destinations and to make licensing recommendations to the Commerce Department. GAO reviewed export licensing under the terms of the Presidential directive to determine the nature and extent of differences resulting from this joint review. To this end, GAO reviewed how the 1 Defense Department developed its recommendations and 2 Commerce Department responded to these recommendations with licensing decisions.
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