Fear of Crime Among Military Personnel in Different Residential Settings.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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Fear of crime has become a serious problem in the United States. Many studies are being conducted in civilian communities to determine the amount of fear people are experiencing, who are the fearful, and the causes of fear. This study was conducted to determine if military personnel who reside on a military base feel safer living in that environment than personnel living in a civilian community. Military personnel who live in base housing at Mather AFB feel safer in that environment than personnel living in the community of Rancho Cordova. No significant difference existed between the responses between males and females, however a very small number of females were available to survey. The majority of military personnel surveyed, 58 wanted to reside on base when they arrived, however only 23 had immediate on base housing available. The most important reason military members wanted to live on base was due to financial considerations. The fact the base provides a safe environment was the second reason they would choose to live on base. Further research should be directed toward determining the causes of fear of crime among military personnel in order to develop effective fear reduction programs. In addition, this study only examined the level of fear experienced by military personnel assigned to one geographic location where housing was located on the main portion of the base.
- Sociology and Law