Analysis of Human Communication during Assembly Tasks.
CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA ROBOTICS INST
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This paper studies human-to-human interaction in an attempt to shed some light on the kinds of human-to-machine interaction that will be necessary for intelligent robot learning of assembly tasks. Experiments were performed in which an expert guided an apprentice through a complex assembly task using spoken language but no visual communication. An analysis of the dialog reveals that certain protocols and conventions facilitate communication, and that communication breaks down when these protocols are not observed. Five types of protocols were observed focusing, validators, referencing, descriptors and dialog structure. The implications of these results for human-robot communication are discussed.
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems