Accession Number:

ADA171368

Title:

Fisheries Aspects of Seamounts and Taylor Columns

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1986-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

89.0

Abstract:

Three hypotheses to explain the high biological productivity observed over the southern Emperor-northern Hawaiian Ridge seamounts are suggested larval retention by hydrodynamic trapping in a Taylor column, nutrient enrichment by topographically-induced upwelling, and attraction of organisms to stationary physical substrates. Quasi-geostrophic wave-topography interaction are considered, with particular regard to Taylor column dynamics. Data from three hydrographic surveys over Southeast Hancock Seamount conducted during summer 1984 and winter 1985 are examined for evidence supporting these hypotheses. The two summer surveys show features consistent with a two-layer system having bottom-intensified anticyclonic flow around the seamount, in agreement with stratified Taylor column theory. The winter survey indicates more homogeneous anticyclonic flow around the seamount, suggesting the existence of a barotrophic Taylor column. Possibly intense internal wave motion and upwelling are suggested by strong, localized vertical isotherm deflections in across- seamount sections taken during the summer surveys. These deflections are reminiscent of wave-topography interactions in atmospheric flow over terrestrial mountains. The second summer survey showed possible upwelling in the lee of topographically-forced divergence.

Subject Categories:

  • Biological Oceanography
  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE