Halon Extinguisher Agent Behavior in a Ventilated Small Aircraft.
Final rept. Mar-Jul 84,
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION TECHNICAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY NJ
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Hand held fire extinguishers Halon 1211 and Halon 1301 were evaluated in a four-passenger Cessna Model 210C aircraft. The aircraft was operated in the FAAs Technical Center airflow facility under simulated flight conditions. Extinguishers were discharged without fires to determine the dissipation rate and toxicity levels of Halon extinguishing agents. Agent concentrations dissipated rapidly. Analysis of dose calculations demonstrated that 2.5 pound Halon 1211 and 3.0 pound Halon 1301 extinguishers were safe in the four-passenger test aircraft. Dose calculations for the pilot were a maximum of 60 percent of the limit for halon 1211, and maximum dose was 31 percent of the limit for Halon 1301. Stratification of the Halons together with cabin ventilation resulted in safe conditions for the pilot. Distribution of extinguishing agents under the instrument panel was investigated. When the extinguishers were discharged on either the pilots or the copilots side, four percent concentration was measured on the side opposite of the discharge of the extinguishers. Extinguisher gas stratification was determined by measuring agent levels on the cabin floor.
- Safety Engineering