A Simple Solar, Spectral Model for Studying the Effects of Cloud Cover and Surface Albedo on the Incoming Solar Radiation.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The effect of cloud cover and surface albedo on the solar insolation at the surface of the Earth was investigated. The model uses Birds 1984 clear sky model for direct normal and diffuse horizontal irradiance as its basis. Birds model was modified to include inclined surfaces and cloud cover. The clouds were modelled using parameterizations developed by Welch, Cox and Davis 1980 and a weighting technique to account for cloud shape using plane parallel calculations. The radiative transfer in the cloud was modelled by a two stream approximation known as the Shuster Schwarzchild method. The model results were compared with clear sky broadband and spectral observations, and cloudy broadband observations. The effects of cloud amount, cloud thickness, cloud type, and surface albedo are demonstrated. Cloud amount and cloud thickness are the predominant cloud factors affecting insolation. High surface albedos tend to slow the decrease in insolation due to increasing cloud cover while low surface albedos cause greater variation in insolation under the same circumstances.
- Atmospheric Physics