Accession Number:

ADA171226

Title:

Backache and Back Discomfort

Descriptive Note:

Conference proceedings

Corporate Author:

ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)

Report Date:

1986-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

269.0

Abstract:

The purpose of the symposium was to bring military and civilian specialists working in different disciplines together to consider the problems of back pain and back discomfort in vehicular environments in particular, as they relate to the discomfort of aircrew in current and emerging aircraft. The scope was broad, in that it covered several aspects of the back-pain problem. Idiopathic low-back pain in the general population was considered from the point of view of posture and vehicular vibration as contributory factors, the conditions of the spine which predispose individuals to backache, the spine and task ergonomics, the methodology for predicting spinal instability, and back- school programmes for the prevention or treatment of recurrent back pain. The topics discussed under backache and back discomfort in the cockpit environment included methods of measurement, the effects of whole-body vibration and sitting posture on the spine, and the use of passive lumbar supports, improved seat cushions, and active anti-vibration seat cushions as preventative measures. The participants included military and civilian experts in epidemiology, orthopaedic medicine, pathophysiology, biomechanics, mechanical vibrations, process modelling, anthropometry, task ergonomics, and design and operations engineering.

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE