Meaning and Function of Military Experience
Final rept. Mar 1983-May 1985
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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A recently-proposed cognitive resource theory of leadership effectiveness explains the role of cognitive resources such as intellectual abilities, technical competence, and job-relevant knowledge experience in determining group performance. This research note examines one aspect of the theory the conditions under which the leaders intellectual abilities and experience contribute to performance on the part of the group. Empirical evidence suggests that leaders intellectual abilities contribute to performance when leaders play a directive role in relatively stress-free conditions and when the their abilities match the requirements of the task. Under stress, however, leaders fall back on previously learned skills and behaviors i.e. on experience gained in the course of time in the organization.
- Humanities and History