Accession Number:

ADA170769

Title:

Proceedings of the International Conference on the Mycoses (6th) Held in Cartagena, Colombia on 1-4 August 1983.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Jan-3 Dec 83,

Corporate Author:

PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1986-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

182.0

Abstract:

In an era marked by major advances in the control of infectious and noninfectious diseases, an increase in certain mycotic infections has occurred. Of public health importance are a group of black molds that cause primary or secondary cutaneous, subcutaneous, or systemic infections in individuals whose natural defenses have been impaired, by broad spectrum antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs, for example. Their infections are known as phaeohyphomycoses. Soil-inhabiting fungi such as Exophiala spinifera have a latent pathogenic capacity. Once they enter the body of a compromised individual, they begin to proliferate and invade vital organs, often with life- threatening consequences. There are now more than 60 species of black molds incriminated as opportunistic disease agents. Chromoblastomycosis, a subcutaneous disease, is also caused by several species of black molds, among which is Cladosporium carrionii. However, these fungi have a different developmental form in tissues. Thus, chromoblastomycosis is a distinct disease entity, and must be kept separated and not confused with phaeohyphomycosis. Topics discussed at the conference included The impact of the mycoses on the people and the economy of the Americas and strategies for control Mycotoxins as a public health problem Chromoblastomycosis, phaeohyphomycosis, and dematiaceous fungi of medical importance clinical, histological, and laboratory aspects The compromised host and opportunistic fungi Control of the mycoses current and future status Educational needs, training, and regional diagnostic centers.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE