An Analysis of the Relationship Between Control Discrimination Accuracy and Alcohol Abuse in the United States Air Force.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This study addresses the contradictory results obtained in previous research regarding the relationship between locus of control and individuals who abuse alcohol. An alternative construct, control discrimination accuracy, is suggested as a means to address the previous contradictory results. Through the development of the Control Discrimination Accuracy Typology, the construct focuses on the accuracy of control discriminations rather than on the locus of control constructs focus on perception of the location of reinforcers. Three measurement scales were developed to make assessments of individuals control discrimination accuracy. Evaluation of the instruments revealed adequate reliability as well as adequate content, discriminant, construct, and factorial validity. Cutting scores for the scales were developed for examination of group differences. The scales were administered to random samples of active duty Air Force members classified at various levels of drinking behavior 1 alcoholic, 2 problem drinker, 3 non-problem drinker, and 4 non-drinker.