Feasibility of Using Mycorrhizal Fungi for Enhancement of Plant Establishment on Dredged Material Disposal Sites. A Literature Review.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
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Mycorrhizal fungi, one of the most extensively occurring groups of beneficial soil microorganisms, form an intimate mutualistic association with plant roots mycorrhizae that extends the absorptive area of the roots sometimes thousands of times and contributes greatly to mineral nutrition, water absorption, and root system stabilization of the host plant. This literature review discusses the potential role of mycorrhizal plants in the development of upland, marsh, and aquatic habitats. Great potential exists for enhancing the establishment and growth of vegetation on upland dredged material disposal sites with mycorrhizae. Although less is known about mycorrhization of marsh plant species, the limited research available suggests that use of mycorrhizae has some potential for enhancing establishment and growth of marsh plants on dredged material disposal sites. Since few studies of the mycorrhizal status of aquatic plants were found, the potential for using mycorrhizae to enhance development of aquatic habitat is unknown.
- Civil Engineering