The Southern Cone and Antarctica. Strategies for the 1990's.
FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES
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This thesis analyzes the strategies which may be adopted by Argentina and Chile to maximize the political, economic, and strategic benefits from their overlapping territorial claims in the Antarctic. It discusses the history of human activity in Antarctica and the Antarctic Treaty of 1961. The role of Antarctica in the world system is examined with regard to the proven and anticipated resources of the region as well as the status of applicable exploitative technology and contending positions on the future administration of the region. The relationship between the Southern Cone of South America and the American Quadrant of Antarctica is examined with particular attention to the importance of Antarctica in South America geopolitical writings. Four possible scenarios are evaluated as to their likelihood as Argentine and Chilean Antarctic strategies in the coming decades. Unilateral occupation of the American quadrant by a claimant and the cession of claims to an international authority are concluded to be unlikely policies. The strategy which best advances Argentine and Chilean national objectives from a realist perspective is for the claimants to continue to work within the Antarctic Treaty system. Formation of a South American bloc is a likely strategy if the Treaty system fails to satisfy Argentine and Chilean interests in the Antarctic.
- Government and Political Science