An Intuitive Approach to Geometric Continuity for Parametric Curves and Surfaces
CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY
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This report defines the nth order geometric continuity for parametric curves and surfaces, and derived the Beta constraints that are necessary and sufficient for it. Derivation of the Beta constraints is based on a simple principle of reparametrisation in conjunction with the univariate chain rule for curves, and the bivariate chain rule for surfaces. This approach uncovers the connection between geometric continuity for curves and geometric continuity for surfaces, provides new insight into the nature of geometric continuity in general, and allows the determination of the Beta constraints with less effort than previously required. Use of the Beta constraints for G to the nth power continuity allows the introduction of n shape parameters for curves, and n n 3 shape functions for surfaces. The shape parameters and shape functions may be used to modify the shape of a geometrically continuous curve or surface, respectively. However, geometric continuity is only appropriate for applications where rate aspects of the parametrisations are unimportant since discontinuities in rate are allowed.
- Theoretical Mathematics