An Account of Some Efforts during the 1970s to Construct a Scale Measuring Sex-Role Attitude in the Army
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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A pool of 174 questionnaire items was developed which appeared to tap a number of dimensions of the sex-role-attitude construct. These items were included in a larger questionnaire administered to some 800 male and female soldiers, both officers and enlisted, at three Army installations. Analysis of the resulting data led to the construction of a 37-item scale. It was decided, however, that for administrative convenience it would be desirable to have a shorter version of the scale and a new 7-item version was constructed by selecting items from the 37-item version that met certain criteria. Computations were then carried out to provide data on the scales reliability Cronbach alpha and construct validity. Finally, changes were made in the wording of several items--mainly to reduce ambiguity and possible offensiveness. This third version of the scale was included in an Armywide survey administered in 1975 to some 10,000 soldiers, officers and enlisted, and the results of this survey were used to provide information about scale properties in the Army population. Keywords Attitude, sex-role, women in the army, measurement.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations